1. EN
  2. FR
  3. ES

Keystone XL

The safest way to transport oil in North America

Keystone XL offers a safe, reliable and environmentally responsible way to deliver crude oil to markets in the U.S., strengthening continental energy security.

This 1,210-mile (1,947-km) pipeline is capable of safely delivering 830,000 barrels per day (Bbl/day) of crude oil from Hardisty, Alberta, to Steele City, Nebraska, where it will connect with existing facilities to reach U.S. Gulf Coast refiners to meet critical needs for transportation fuel and useful manufactured products.

With pre-construction activities underway, the pipeline is expected to enter service in 2023.

An $8 billion economic investment, creating jobs when they will be needed most

Keystone XL will play a central role in promoting North American energy infrastructure, with an approximately US$8 billion investment into the North American economy.

After years of study, key regulatory approvals, including a Presidential permit, and the support of landowners, customers, Indigenous groups and numerous partners in the U.S. and Canada, this important energy infrastructure project is poised to put tens of thousands of people to work, and generate substantial economic benefits in the states and provinces and communities along the way.

Project highlights

  • Thousands of well-paying jobs during construction
  • Advances continental energy security
  • Tens of millions in property and income taxes through every year of operation
  • Six comprehensive scientific reviews by the U.S. Department of State over the past decade concluding that the project can be built and operated in an environmentally sustainable and responsible way
  • Safer and less-GHG intensive than alternative methods of transporting crude oil to market
  • Thousands of stakeholders engaged, including landowners, community members and Indigenous communities

Considering the health and safety of our crews and communities

During construction, we will continue to take guidance from all levels of government and health authorities to determine the most proactive and responsible actions in order to ensure the safety of our crews and community members during the current COVID-19 situation.

COVID-19 prevention assistance

Safety is our number one value! With the current and evolving Coronavirus (COVID-19) conditions, we want to ensure our workforce and the surrounding communities are safe during Keystone XL’s pre-construction and construction activities.

We have sought the expertise and experience of International SOS, Corporate Medical Advisors, a member of the International SOS Group of companies, and their partner Beacon Occupational Health and Safety Services, to provide medical advisory and consultation services.

Read more

Project overview

Hundreds of millions in property taxes
Once operational, Keystone XL will generate hundreds of millions in property taxes for municipalities in more than 40 counties in Canada and the United States – valuable funds that can be spent on schools, hospitals, roads and more.

Creating work
Construction of Keystone XL will create 13,200 (U.S., 10,400, and Canada, 2,800) high-quality jobs and local contracting opportunities for welders, surveyors, engineers, environmental specialists and more for communities and Indigenous groups. Overall, construction will support nearly 60,000 (U.S., 42,000 and Canada, 17,000) direct, indirect and induced employment opportunities generated by the business that will be created by supplying goods and services to the project and the project’s workforce.

Safely transporting energy
Keystone XL has been carefully studied by federal, state and provincial agencies for more than a decade. These studies unanimously concluded Keystone XL can be built safely and with care for the environment.

Read the project overview

Latest news

May 28 2020

U.S. court rejects request for a stay

We are disappointed with today’s decision, which creates unnecessary harm to vital energy infrastructure projects across the U.S., inevitably delaying or eliminating thousands of high-paying job opportunities for skilled American workers this year.

May 25 2020

U.S.-Canada border crossing completed

In early May, TC Energy successfully completed pipeline construction on the 1.4 mile (2.2 km) border crossing in Montana. More than 100 men and women were employed at the peak of construction and a small crew remains on site to complete reclamation and remediation activities.

Apr 24 2020

Donation aids COVID-19 relief in Montana

During these challenging times, with local charities under stress, Keystone XL is working with the City of Glasgow and Valley County in Montana to help put together baskets of essential items for those in need. The $20,000 donation in Montana is part of our long history of partnering with local communities along the route in both Canada and the U.S., whether it’s helping to combat childhood hunger in Montana or upgrading communication equipment for first responders in Alberta.

$3.4 billion

boost to U.S. GDP

$2.4 billion

for Canada's GDP during construction

Creating jobs

during construction for 13,200 Canadians and Americans

Safe delivery

of 830,000 barrels of
oil per day

FAQs

The pipeline has been deemed to be in the United States’ national interest, in large part, because it will provide the U.S. with a dependable source of crude oil from Canada, a stable nation that is a reliable and trusted trading partner.

According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the U.S. imports about 9.1 million barrels of oil a day from 90 countries, including Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Mexico and Russia.

The pipeline will contribute $5.8 billion to the U.S. and Canadian GDP, during construction, and significant property tax revenues — as well as sales and other tax revenues — to counties, provinces and states along the project route.

Construction of Keystone XL will also create 13,200 (U.S., 10,400, and Canada, 2,800) high-quality jobs and local contracting opportunities for welders, surveyors, engineers, environmental specialists and more for communities and Indigenous groups.

Overall, construction will support nearly 60,000 (U.S., 42,000 and Canada, 17,000) direct, indirect and induced employment opportunities generated by the business that will be created supplying goods and services to the project and the project’s workforce.

Every pipeline that crosses an international border into the U.S. requires a Presidential permit. Keystone XL received a permit from President Donald Trump’s administration on March 29, 2019.

This is the most studied cross-border pipeline in the history of North America. Keystone XL has been extensively studied by federal, state and provincial agencies for more than a decade, including six comprehensive scientific reviews by the U.S. Department of State. All of this research concluded Keystone XL can be built safely and with care for the environment. The U.S. Department of State features Keystone XL studies at KeystonePipeline-XL.state.gov.

New technologies and engineering techniques allow pipelines such as Keystone XL to be safely installed below a river bed, leaving the natural resources above intact and undisturbed.

Horizontal directional drilling (HDD) is an environmentally friendly method used to cross sensitive areas with minimal impact to the surrounding area.

HDD crossings bury the pipe deeper on both sides of the riverbank, providing greater protection from floods and high water levels. Pipe used for river crossings has thicker steel with additional anti-corrosion and abrasion resistant coatings.

 

The current 4,234 km (2,687 mile) Keystone Pipeline System is three-quarters complete, with three of four phases already in service.

Phase I: In June, 2010, the first 3,467 km (2,154 mile) section of the Keystone Pipeline Project from Hardisty, Alberta, to Steele City, Nebraska, and onward to Wood River and Patoka, Illinois, went into service, becoming the first section of the Keystone Pipeline System.

Phase II: In February 2011, the second 468 km (291 mile) section of the Keystone Pipeline Project from Steele City, Nebraska, to Cushing, Oklahoma, went into service, joining the Keystone Pipeline System.

Phase III: In January 2014, the 780 km (487 mile) Gulf Coast Project, from Cushing, Oklahoma, to Nederland, Texas, went into service, continuing the Keystone Pipeline System. Another smaller section of Phase III, the 80 km (48 mile) Houston Lateral Project from Port Arthur to Houston, Texas, went into service in 2016.

Phase IV: Expected to be in service in 2023, the Keystone XL Pipeline Project will add an additional connection from Hardisty, Alberta, to Steele City, Nebraska and complete the existing Keystone Pipeline System.

TC Energy accepts applications from vendors looking to provide Keystone XL Pipeline with services and/or materials.

For your company to be considered, please register your company at our Supplier Registration Portal. Once your company’s details have been provided, you may be contacted for additional information on your service/supply offerings or requested to provide proposals on project work directly to TC Energy or through our third-party contractors.

We also encourage you to visit Jobs.TCEnergy.com to learn more about current career opportunities at TC Energy.

Keystone XL will be capable of safely delivering 830,000 barrels per day (Bbl/day) of crude oil from Hardisty, Alberta, to Steele City, Nebraska, where it will connect with TC Energy’s existing facilities to reach U.S. Gulf Coast refiners and meet critical needs for transportation fuel and useful manufactured products.

Keystone XL will provide substantial economic benefits to the U.S. The pipeline will contribute $3.4 billion to the United States GDP, during construction.

It will also generate more than $55 million in property taxes in the first year of operation in three states: Montana, South Dakota and Nebraska, directly benefit local communities to build new roads and support schools, hospitals and first responders.

The Keystone Pipeline System has already generated $419 million in property tax revenue to date.

Construction of Keystone XL will create 10,400 high-quality jobs and local contracting opportunities for welders, surveyors, engineers, environmental specialists and more for communities and Indigenous groups.

Overall, construction will support nearly 42,000 direct, indirect and induced employment opportunities generated by the business that will be created supplying goods and services to the project and the project’s workforce..

To find out more about jobs and work on the project visit our Supplier Registration Portal.

Keystone XL will be capable of safely delivering 830,000 barrels per day (Bbl/day) of crude oil from Hardisty, Alberta, to Steele City, Nebraska, where it will connect with TC Energy’s existing facilities to reach U.S. Gulf Coast refiners and meet critical needs for transportation fuel and useful manufactured products.

Keystone XL will provide substantial economic benefits to the U.S. The pipeline will contribute $2.4 billion to the Canadian GDP, during construction.

It will also generate more than $7 million in property taxes in the first year of operation in two provinces, Alberta and Saskatchewan, directly benefit local communities to build new roads and support schools, hospitals and first responders.

The Keystone Pipeline System has already generated $81 million in property tax revenue to date.

Construction of Keystone XL will create 2,800 high-quality jobs and local contracting opportunities for welders, surveyors, engineers, environmental specialists and more for communities and Indigenous groups.

Overall, construction will support nearly 17,000 direct, indirect and induced employment opportunities generated by the business that will be created supplying goods and services to the project and the project’s workforce..

To find out more about jobs and work on the project visit our Supplier Registration Portal.

We know pipelines are the safest method of transporting crude oil and natural gas over long distances, and we are constantly striving to make them safer. We believe that zero incidents is an achievable goal. Every day, our teams across North America work tirelessly to proactively maintain our pipelines, adopting innovative solutions in energy transportation and incorporating past learnings to push us closer to our ‘zero is real’ goal.

   

Every day, we do our part to manage our GHG emissions, and the programs and initiatives we have in place sufficiently meet regulatory requirements.

GHG emissions associated with alternative transportation scenarios, such as shipping oil by rail, barge and truck are significantly greater than Keystone XL.

Read more in TC Energy’s Report on Sustainability and Climate Change.

We have engaged continuously with nine Indigenous communities in Canada and 25 in the U.S. and have productive relationships with many of them. Some have questions and we continue to work closely with those communities to provide honest and open answers to their questions. We have maintained on-the-ground relationships for years, and for those communities in the U.S. who aren’t familiar with us or with liquids pipelines operations, we’ve offered Pipeline 101, Elders’ workshops and pump station and work camp tours.

Through regular conversations and meetings, Indigenous groups share their concerns and interests with us, which in turn helps us to create proactive project plans including business opportunities, community legacy or investment and education and training opportunities. Some communities have said they were impressed by our continued outreach and found it to be unprecedented.

Regardless of what region we operate in, we strive to reach consent on our projects among Indigenous groups through early and ongoing engagement. We also work hard to avoid and mitigate project-related effects on the exercise of Indigenous rights through environmental assessment and project planning. For instance, we adjusted the route for Keystone XL to avoid Ponca lands seeded for sacred corn.

Our Commitment

We have been working with communities to share information about Keystone XL while earning trust and support for the project. We have dedicated significant resources and efforts toward supporting communities through educational workshops, training programs, and investments in local and regional nonprofit organizations.

LEARN MORE

Indigenous Relations

We are committed to working with Indigenous communities to explore project opportunities that benefit and align to their community interests, as well as address concerns, recognizing that activities have the potential to affect their lives as rights-holders with distinct relationships with the land.

LEARN MORE

 

Landowner Relations

We work with landowners to answer questions and negotiate voluntary agreements that are mutually beneficial. Regardless of what region we operate in, we strive to work cooperatively on our projects with landowners and Indigenous groups through early and ongoing engagement.

LEARN MORE

 

How are we regulated?

The Keystone XL Pipeline is governed according to regulations outlined by the United States Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), and the Canada Energy Regulator (CER), which replaced the National Energy Board (NEB) in August 2019.

Regulatory contacts:

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)
Local 1-202-502-6088
Toll-Free 1-866-208-3372

WEBSITE  EMAIL

Canada Energy Regulator (CER)
Local 1-403-292-4800 1-403-292-5503
Toll-Free 1-800-899-1265 1-877-288-8803

WEBSITE EMAIL